Criminal Justice Associate Degree

The chaos and fear of the 9/11 attack generated a wave of sheer panic amongst all the citizens of U.S. It was not an anticipated incident and the terror and desperation created from it will never be wiped out from our minds. There has been a great upsurge for the criminal law studies in the nation lately. The study of crime, criminals and justice system constitutes the gist of a criminal justice program. This thrilling and satisfying career can be obtained by studying the criminal justice associate degree programs which have been provided by a number of accredited universities and colleges.

Criminal law associate degree leads the students in to a new world of Cops, Courts, and Corrections. An associate degree would help any individual to procure entry-level jobs in paralegal services, court administration, victim services and corrections. An associate degree program in criminal law can also be defined as a stepping stone to other advanced studies in the same field as in the bachelor’s program and finally the law school program.

Associate degree in Criminal Law has been provided by different universities and colleges with a wide-variety of different subjects and topics. Most of the universities and colleges require the applicants to have a GED or High School Diploma in order to enroll for a criminal justice associate program. Liberty University Online is among the top ten online colleges and has been successfully providing a degree of Associate’s in Criminal Justice. The Remington College Online has carefully designed two distinct Associate degree programs in criminal justice. One is an Associate’s in Criminal Justice and the other one is the Associate’s in Paralegal Studies. University of Phoenix online

is widely popular all over the nation as the premier university committed towards the welfare of the students by preparing them for a profession in crime law and provides the Associate of Arts in Criminal Law program for the students. Everest College Online and Everest University Online provide a set of different associate degree programs in criminal law. Both the organizations offer a Criminal Justice Associate’s Degree and also another unique program called the Criminal Investigations Associate’s Degree. Keiser University offers special programs in the field of Criminal law like the Associate’s in Criminal Law, Associate’s in Homeland Security and Associate’s in Paralegal Studies, which mostly covers all the basic areas of the crime justice studies. Many other colleges and universities who also provide different criminal justice associate degrees are the Florida Tech University, Herzing University, Jones College, Kaplan University, Rasmussen College, Westwood College and so on.

Criminal law associate degree programs have become exceptionally famous and have been declared so in October 2007. Increasing hazard to homeland security and enforcement of severe criminal prosecution laws has inundated the number of correction officers and also paralegals and legal researchers. Hence, an associate degree in criminal law has turned in to a wonderful career line and also the first step towards a fine future.

Offenses Requiring Sex Offender Registration

Florida took the first step in 1997 to make a list of sex offenders available on the internet as well as making that information also available by telephone hotline for people who do not have the internet. It is a requirement in Florida for those convicted of a sex crime to register and report between two and four times per year, to the Sheriff’s Office. Florida’s requirements include more than just an address to register as sex offenders are required to also report any instant message names and numbers, and email addresses to the Sheriff’s Office. A sex offender’s birth month is what is used to determine which months he/she will be required to report in. If they fail to report, submit to all restrictions or provide all information requested will have penalties that classify as felonies. Sex based crimes in Florida are divided into two categories, Sexual Offender and Sexual Predator.

Sexual Predators

Florida law states that all sex offenders are not always considered to be sexual predators, and that for this to happen, the offender must appear in court before a judge who considers the evidence and makes the designation. Even someone who was convicted of sex based crimes, this does not automatically mean they are a sexual predator. There are five different ways in Florida for someone to be classified a sexual predator. These include first time convictions of: lewd and lascivious behavior in front of someone under the age of 16, kidnapping, buying or selling child pornography, false imprisonment, or sexual battery. You should be aware that this applies even if the conviction occurred in another jurisdiction or state besides Florida.

Another way you can be designated a sexual predator is if you commit one of the above mentioned offenses and especially if you were found guilty of having committed other sexual offenses in the past. Past sexual offenses that can get you a designation of sexual predator include: sexual battery, kidnapping, unlawful sexual activity with a minor, false imprisonment, having a child perform sexually, luring or enticing a child or getting someone under 18 for prostitution. Lastly, anyone can be designated a sexual predator if they are determined to be a sexually violent predator at a civil commitment hearing.

Sexual Offenders

he courts in Florida provide three ways to designate someone a sexual offender. The first way includes if you attempt to commit or commit: luring or enticing a child, kidnapping a minor, sexual battery, false imprisonment of a minor, getting someone under 18 for prostitution unlawful sexual acts with a minor, sexual misconduct, selling or buying minors for sex trafficking, or computer pornography. The second way says if you have a conviction that occurred in another state or jurisdiction, you can be considered a sex offender in Florida. If a person has been designated a sexual offender in a different jurisdiction or state, Florida laws will also designate that person as such and they will be required to register their status. The third way says that under Florida laws, if someone attempts to commit or commits lewd and lascivious molestation, sexual battery or lewd or lascivious battery on someone 14 or older, they can be designated a sexual offender in Florida.

Criminal Defense Lawyer – Finding the Best Defense Lawyer for You

There are a number of reasons that someone may need the help of a criminal defense lawyer. A good one is not cheap, but a conviction on your record can cost you over and over for the rest of your life. First of all are the very real possibilities of large fines and time behind bars. However, even misdemeanor convictions can keep you from getting a good job. Although many potential employers will tell you that they will only check back through 7 years of your criminal history, that is largely a myth. When a criminal history report is generated your ENTIRE criminal history will be visible. Whether an employer admits it or not, your history will influence your chances of being hired no matter how far back the charges or convictions may have occurred. Many offenses will keep you from being able to rent an apartment or condominium.

Prior convictions will cause law enforcement to scrutinize you more closely if you are suspected of or charged with a crime in the future. It may influence sentencing in future cases and can wreak havoc in your life in many ways. These days, people even check criminal history reports before going on a date for the first time. In other words, if the need arises you need to defend yourself vigorously to achieve the best outcome possible and the best way to do that is to hire the best defense attorney you can find and can afford.

The most common areas where people may need the assistance of a criminal defense attorney are:

  1. Domestic Violence– In some domestic violence cases, false accusations are made out of spite or to further the alleged victim’s own agenda. In a divorce proceeding, for example, a mother may claim spousal abuse in order to harm her husband’s credibility in a custody battle.
  2. DUI and DWI CasesWhen are stopped by a law enforcement official for suspicion of drunk driving, there are defined rules which must be followed prior to and during the stop. A violation of procedures may be a violation of your rights and might significantly weaken the prosecution’s case against you. Look for a defense attorney who specializes in this area of criminal law. They will look for the following:
    • Was there probable cause to stop you
    • Was a breath test properly administered
    • Was the person administering the test qualified to do so
    • Was the test equipment accurate and functioning properly
  3. Juvenile Crimes – In the case of juvenile charges, a criminal defense attorney is needed who knows how to work within the juvenile system. You need a good negotiator and someone who is skilled at getting the charges reduced or dropped.
  4. Federal Charges – The time to hire a good attorney in federal cases is ideally while an investigation is under way prior to charges being filed. Federal charges are generally serious and carry stiff penalties. An attorney who is experienced with the federal criminal justice system and understands the investigative process and procedural steps is critical to initiate a good defense. Some of the most common legal problems associated with federal charges include:
    • Medicare and Medicaid fraud
    • Drug conspiracy
    • Mortgage Fraud
    • Money laundering
    • Tax fraud
    • RICO Act and Racketeering Crimes

When you are faced with criminal charges or under investigation, an experienced and knowledgeable criminal defense attorney can help you protect your rights. A criminal defense lawyer who understands the law, the process and has experience in the area of criminal law which applies to your situation can help you evaluate your options and make the right decisions.

The Differences Between Theft and Robbery

Colloquially, robbery and theft are often referred to as if they were more or less the same thing. A robber and a thief both take things that are not theirs, and thus these words can be used interchangeably most of the time. Legally, however, robbery and theft are different crimes with very different punishments. Let’s look at these laws in more detail.

Theft

This is actually a broad term referring to any occurrence when a piece of property is taken without its owner’s permission. It is usually classified as a crime against property, along with property damage and arson. Theft is prosecuted on the state level, with a few exceptions. Because Congress has the constitutional right to control interstate commerce, which has been interpreted very broadly over the years, some acts of theft that affect the interstate economy can be tried on the federal level.

In the US, most state governments use the term larceny in their criminal code because it is more specific. The word “theft” can cover looting, robbery, mugging, shoplifting and a wide variety of other offenses. Larceny, on the other hand, refers to the very specific act of physically moving an object that belongs to someone else, without their permission, and with the intent to deprive the person of that object permanently. It does not matter if the person committing larceny intends to keep the object for their self, but it does matter if they are only temporarily borrowing the object.

Larceny can be a felony or a misdemeanor, depending on the total monetary value of whatever objects were stolen. In Wisconsin, for example, stealing objects or money worth up to $500 is a misdemeanor. Any amount more than that is a felony, with the class increasing with the value of the stolen property.

Robbery

Legally, this term refers to the act of taking property away from its owner through the use of violence or intimidation. Unlike theft, the owner of the property must be present as it’s being taken, or else the crime does not qualify as robbery. This crime is always a felony, although the class varies depending on the amount and type of force used.

If a person physically assaults or threatens another without using any kind of weapon in order to steal anything, this is a Class E felony, and can be punished by up to 15 years in prison. Additional years may be added if the convicted person is a repeat offender. A person who steals property while using a dangerous weapon, such as a gun, has committed a Class C felony, punishable by up to 40 years in prison. Again, more years can be added for prior convictions.

For more information about the legal distinctions between different crimes, contact Milwaukee theft defense attorneys Kohler & Hart.

Best Distance Learning Programs For Criminal Justice

Over the past few years criminal justice has emerged as one of the broad fields in the United States that encompasses many functions in society’s efforts to control crime. It is one of the few professions that have constantly demanded well trained specialists, who can enforce laws, prosecute and rehabilitate adult and immature offenders, assist victims, and prevent crime from occurring through successful security and deterrence. Consequently, in last few years the demand for criminal justice programs has boomed drastically. It is one of the few degrees that can start or advance your career in this exciting field by qualifying you for diverse profile like: Law Enforcement Officer, Criminal Forensic Specialist or Investigator and Special Agent at the local, state and federal level.

One of the best benefits with an education and career in criminal justice is the knowledge that you can contribute to protect your community and country. Once you make a start in this profession, you can be proud of the role you play in keeping this world safe every single day. There are many career paths available to those who go to school for a criminal justice degree. Apart from this, there are numerous online criminal justice courses and distance learning programs that are being offered from leading universities. The best thing about these courses or distance learning degrees is that they are affordable and comparatively easy to learn. These distance learning programs cover a broad spectrum of subjects. Here, are just few of them that can let you select:

Cyber Security Distance Learning Program — This is one of the few programs that can provide you an exciting career opportunity in criminal justice. In recent times, the demand for cyber security has increased and will increase as per the FBI. Now selecting an online degree program of Cyber Security can help you learn how to be responsible for managing network information system security, including criminal investigation and database protection. Besides this, the program will help you gain skills on issues such as internet security assessment, security preparation and creating plans for the effective and rapid response to security breaches. This program will enable you to resolve security gaps, apply and use layered security models and investigate cyber crime.

Disaster Medicine & Management Distance Learning Program — This program is meant for medical, public-safety and defense professionals working in the public and private sectors. Offered in a flexible and distance learning format, this program generally aims to prepare graduates with the skills needed to practice disaster mitigation, attentiveness, reaction and long-term recovery activities within a complex technological society such as the United States. The degree program also aims to train graduates with problem solving and management skills essentially required for the co-ordination of complex situations following technological and natural disasters. It is one of the few comprehensive online graduate-degree programs encompassing all facets of disaster management. Emergency & Disaster Management Distance Learning Program — The nature of disasters and large-scale disastrous emergency events requires professionals with the background and education that deal with natural and man-made hazards. The degree in emergency and disaster management is just one of the few programs that can prepare you manage emergency and public safety properly. From the smallest incident to the largest catastrophe, this emergency and disaster management can introduce you to important areas such as emergency and disaster management phases, risk assessment, prevention and management, mitigation, and recovery. The unique feature of this course is its wider scope that includes both pre and post disaster event responses. Apart from this, today it is one of the few programs in criminal justice domain that let you enjoy good salary. Hence, if you are interested in disaster management career, it is a good opportunity for you to get start your career now.

Forensic Science Distance Learning Program — In last few years, scientific advances, such as the utilization of DNA to decisively tie suspects to a crime scene, have expanded the applications of science and technology in law enforcement and private security. This in turn has increased the demand for a variety of forensic specialists. An online degree in criminal justice with a specialty in forensic science can help you qualify you to meet this demand. Once you attain a degree in forensic science you may work as forensic specialists or crime scene investigators who generally examine fraud and embezzlement. Apart from this, an online forensic science degree is not limited to a career in criminal justice. The courses also provide a strong background in chemical analysis, as well as biology, and anatomy. As such, you may even provide ideal preparation for work in medical examiner or coroner’s offices, clinical chemistry laboratories, and the pharmaceutical industry as well.

These are few online criminal justice programs that can let play some of the important job responsibilities that may result in managing a crime or any disaster in an effective manner. Earning any of the above mentioned degrees through a distance learning program can be a good decision provided that you select a program from an accredited online institution.