Understanding Identity Theft Crimes

Technology has changed the nature of crime in Miami over the past few decades. For example, according to the Miami FBI chief, identity theft has grown exponentially in recent years. Considering the increased prevalence of these crimes, one can expect many more Miami residents to face ID theft related charges than ever before.

Miami Leading the Nation in ID Theft

Miami has the highest rate of identity theft of any metropolitan area in the nation. In 2012, there were over 35,000 complaints about ID theft, which doubled from 2011, according to the Federal Trade Commission. The same year there were over 12 million reported incidents of identity theft across the United States. The number of incidents of identity theft is predicted to continue to rise in Florida. The state also leads the nation in the number of theft of government benefits, including theft of tax returns. There were 69,000 reported complaints of theft of government benefits in 2012.

Observers believe that Florida is a hot-bed for these crimes because of the demographics of the state. The large elderly population and the high number of individuals on Medicare make area residents a prime target for these offenses.

Identity Theft Charges in Miami

Local residents may face any number of different criminal charges stemming from identity theft. In virtually all of the cases, however, the potential penalties for conviction are stiff. Some of the most common ID theft related crimes include:

– Obtaining Property by False Pretense – Otherwise known as “larceny,” this crime refers to using another’s identification to obtain property. Filling out information on applications using another’s information can lead to these charges.

– Criminal Use of Personal Identification Information – A similar crime, the state statute specifically lists the identifying information that can lead to these charges, including using another’s name, date of birth, driver licenses number, or even mother’s maiden name. There are different degrees of this crime, with more severe penalties when the information is used to obtain large amount of property or involves a larger numbers of people.

Defending Against ID Theft Charges

Considering the recognition of the Miami area as a problematic spot for these crimes, state and federal officials will undoubtedly be cracking down on suspected ID thieves. Unfortunately, lawmakers often overreach when dealing with suspected criminals–violating constitutional rights and otherwise failing to treat suspects fairly. At other times, innocent parties can be arrested. It is not uncommon to make mistakes on applications or not know when using information from others breaks the law.

For these reasons, if you or someone you know is facing ID theft charges, be sure to seek out experienced legal help immediately. An attorney can analyze the specifics of your case to determine if authorities acted properly when collecting evidence against you. If so, the information obtained may not be used against you. At other times, advocates can work with prosecutors to obtain favorable plea bargains to avoid the harsher penalties and allow you to move on with you life as quickly as possible.

Juvenile Carjacking Laws

Although carjacking is not one of the most commonly occurring crimes, it is still considered to be a very matter. It differs from auto theft because it consists of using fear and intimidation to take a vehicle from its owner while the owner is actually present, usually in the car itself. While this crime is serious for all individuals who commit it, it is particularly so when it is performed by an individual under the age of 18.

Laws Concerning Juvenile Carjacking

Across the United States, each state has the ability to set its own laws and regulations concerning the offense of carjacking, and if they choose, the specific offense of carjacking performed by a juvenile. Typically, these laws outline various conditions and stipulations:

  • Many states consider carjacking one of the most serious non-homicide offenses that can be committed, even for juveniles
  • Many juveniles who are accused of a carjacking crime can face an adult trial
  • In the state of Florida, a juvenile convicted of carjacking in an adult trial can face a lifetime prison sentence.
  • When a juvenile is accused of carjacking, he or she can face fines, probation, and even jail time depending on the severity of the crime and the aggressiveness of the prosecution.

Because these crimes can at times be punished so severely it is important that any individual accused of committing a carjacking immediately seek legal counsel. It is important for youth to have the support of a professional experienced in juvenile trials concerning carjacking offenses.

Criminal Justice Career Education Possibilities

Crime and crime prevention is a large part of society. Today, professionals work in multiple areas in order to properly handle a variety of situations. Students can enter career training at several educational levels to prepare themselves for the field. Through criminal justice career education possibilities students can step into a large number of careers.

The identification and pattern of criminal behavior is explored during training. Programs examine at what level society can manage crime and delinquency. The legal methods used in the United States to solve crimes and work with criminals is explored along with appropriate punishment. Most careers require students to have either an associate’s or bachelor’s degree. Advanced training is not required unless students desire to step into leadership roles. Inside criminal justice degree programs students typically take in-depth specialization courses that prepare them for their professional goals.

Students that complete an associate’s degree program have multiple career options to choose from. This short, two-year, program teaches students to understand the central areas of the field such as the criminal justice system and American government. Entry-level positions can include:

  • Bailiff
  • Investigator
  • Police Officer

To successfully enter these areas students work through courses that relate directly to constitutional criminal practice, criminology, evidence, and more. In criminal justice schools and colleges that focus on law enforcement, for example, students can expect to learn the regulations and procedures of protecting the general public. Continuing education gives students the ability to specialize in several areas.

The judicial system is heavily examined at the bachelor’s degree level of education. This allows students to apply their knowledge to several career fields when pursuing an education in criminal justice. Depending on the specialization student’s study major topics related to criminal justice, which includes cyber crime, crime scene investigation, and law enforcement. Students can enter the field and become:

  • Drug Enforcement Agents
  • Corrections Officers
  • Police Officers

Through courses in criminal law, the judicial process, and juvenile justice, students learn to understand how to function inside the industry. Students that desire to enter administrative positions or want to gain promotions at work typically pursue graduate training.

Advanced knowledge is obtained inside a master’s degree program as students study sociology, psychology, and business. The root causes of crime are investigated, which often includes learning about the societal, economic, mental, and personal reasons of why individuals commit crime. A large emphasis is placed on researching leadership qualities, criminal investigations, corrections, and courts systems. Career opportunities allow students to become:

  • Professors
  • Law Enforcement Administrators
  • Criminal Justice Consultants

Students that continue education inside doctoral degree programs will explore numerous areas. Criminological theory, public policy, psychology, organizational behavior, and criminal procedure are key categories of study. Forensic evidence training is a popular concentration at this level of education. Students learn to provide a high level of statistical research that professionals use in their jobs.

Students can begin training after they give adequate time to researching their options and choosing degree programs to complete. Start working through an accredited criminal justice program now and enter the field in as little as two years. The Accrediting Council for Independent Colleges and Schools ( http://www.acics.org/ ) approves quality programs for full accreditation which proves their ability to provide the best possible training.

DISCLAIMER: Above is a GENERIC OUTLINE and may or may not depict precise methods, courses and/or focuses related to ANY ONE specific school(s) that may or may not be advertised at PETAP.org.

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