Criminal Justice

Civil society cannot continue to exist without peace and order. Several structures and systems are in place to ensure that government, business and the general public enjoy protection from threats to their freedom, life and property.

Criminal justice is at the heart of these efforts. And you can play an active part in it with the right attitude and education.

What it’s All About

Criminal justice is a diverse and interesting field that opens so many areas of opportunities for practitioners. More importantly, because it deals with the psychology of crimes and the social implications and influence on people who commit crimes, the field is dynamic and highly evolving.

Forms of social justice and punishment has changed over the years due to new legislations, advocacies and emerging philosophies. For example, prisons were previously seen as places where all the bad guys could be locked up, away from the vulnerable citizens. Today, correction facilities are embarking more rehabilitation programs to prepare these criminals to come back as more responsible members of society.

Crimes have also evolved into high-tech or cyber modes. Traditional methods and processes of profiling criminals and catching them have of course ridden on the same wave. Crimes are also not confined to a specific area. They can escalate into forms that may require international cooperation. And with the constant threat of terrorism, criminal justice agents are harnessing their skills in international politics, law, and relations to ensure peace and security.

Career Opportunities

Students of criminal justice may find that they have to learn not just general laws and enforcement techniques, but they may also need to choose something to specialize in, from numerous disciplines. Criminal justice is a product of interdisciplinary studies of law, psychology, sociology, public administration, criminology, forensics, among others.

With this extensive background, students can easily get into the police force, private security industries, courts, and even academics. The choices are varied and numerous.

The Law And Its Branches

Law is said to be the ultimate science. Law keeps societies functioning and in order. It is one of the most basic social institutions of society and without it society would destroy itself. Laws tell the members and governors of society about the manner in which they must act. These rules are enforced by police forces. Laws can be changed by popular demand or by the government. Lawyers and judges interpret the law and they’re duty is to act as an intermediary between the people and the law.

The law is divided into two main branches. These are – Public Law and Private Law. These two branches can be divided further but the distinction between the branches of private and public law is very small. The branches often overlap and it is only by convention that the branches exist.

The branches of public law are as follows:

1. Criminal Law: deals with crimes. These crimes can range from theft to murder. The laws under this section define the offences, states the rules of arrest, and the possible punishments. In most countries laws are defined by the constitution and the central or federal government. However in some countries like the United States, states have their own laws as well.

2. Constitutional Law: defines the rules and code of conduct for the government and its various departments. It also states the most basic rights of the people. These rights such as freedom of speech and freedom of religion are guaranteed to all citizens of that country. These rights are upheld by the courts throughout the country.

3. Administrative Law: governs the operations of government agencies. These are the agencies that regulate various aspects of our lives like banking, communications and trade. It also includes social welfare programs, social security and insurance.

4. International Law: This law is meant to make dealings among nations easier. This law is more like protocol and is very hard to enforce.

The branches of private law are as follows:

1. Contract and Commercial Law: These laws deal solely with matters that involve contracts among people. By definition a contract is a legal agreement among persons or people. Contracts are needed in order to carry out daily business. Disputes arising from contracts are dealt with under this section of the law.

2. Tort Law: These laws deal with injuries caused to a person by other individuals or companies. This includes the illegal use of a person’s property such as his or her name.

3. Property Law: As the heading suggests this section deals with the ownership and use of property. This property could anything from a building to a car.

4. Inheritance or Succession Law: These deal with the rights of inheritance of property. These laws are different in all countries.

5. Family Law: These govern the legal aspect of the family, such as the rules of adoption, marriage, divorce and child support.

6. Corporate Law: deals with business and stockholders. This branch is often classed together with contract and commercial law as business law.

Deciding to Start a New Career in Criminal Justice

Over the last few years, the study of crime, criminals and the procedures involved in this criminal justice field have become the most popular among other career options. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, many are attracted to criminal justice jobs because of the numerous opportunities and high salaries. If we carefully look at the consequences of one of the United States tragic incidents of 9/11, the emphasis on security has grown quite high. As a result, the justice as a profession has become an attractive option and in the next few years the popularity is expected to increase further. In fact, if according to the U.S. Department of Labor, criminal justice as a professional field is poised for growth in the coming decade. If we talk in terms of statistics then the demand for Police and Sheriff’s Patrol Officers is anticipated to grow by 23.2%. The overall demand for justice professionals is also expected to boom by 29.8% by the year 2010.

Today there are many careers in the justice field, but being a professional with a background in criminal justice degree is expected to show the continued growth for the foreseeable future. Your extra education can help you improve your potential for finding a suitable position. In fact, if you are an applicant having a proper training in police science, military police experience, or both then you should have the best opportunities in the justice field. So by now if you have made up your mind for making your career in any of the criminal justice fields then to get started, it’s better you make the right selection of a program and attain a criminal justice degree from an accredited criminal justice school.

Under Criminal Justice, you have to study various subjects like law enforcements and corrections solutions, white-collar crimes, forensic behavior analysis and American criminal procedure. The faculty members who impart education on such criminal based subjects have expertise on such subjects and can help you gain the knowledge and expertise in the field properly. Today there are different kinds of Criminal Justice Degree levels, which are related to the field of Criminology like Associate Justice Programs that generally takes 2 years and Bachelor’s Justice Programs that usually takes 4 years but can be finished in 3 years. However, if you are not interested in completing a four-year justice program, these days many community colleges, with specializations including forensics and security also offer career-oriented two-year programs in justice.

The key point that you must understand is that a bachelor’s degree helps you in preparing for a better grade of entry-level positions. These days, it is the minimum degree required for jobs in the Secret Service and for different managerial positions in state or local law enforcement agencies. In addition to this, you may also follow a master’s degree if you are more inclined towards profiles like administration, policymaking or jobs with the FBI. Generally, a master’s degree is the minimum required criteria for those who are looking to make a career as FBI agents, police chiefs and college instructors.

Today every degree in criminals justice is available both online and at many colleges and universities. A degree in criminals justice can get you started in law enforcement or lead to a specialized degree in law. Nevertheless, the school or program you choose to earn a criminals justice degree, you need to be sure to research the accreditation status of each of them. Accreditation insures that the school follows a high-quality curriculum that generally includes all the coursework vital to be successful in this field.

Certainly, if we look at the current scenario then one just cannot run away from the fact that making a career in the criminal justice field has become important career options for many young aspirants. The job outlook in this field also seems to be very promising and in the next few years it may get even much better.

The Criminal Defense Lawyer and You

Criminal Lawyers and You

A conspiracy of silence cloaks – the American Justice System and particularly the Criminal Law Division. The vast majority of those on the inside, specifically lawyers and judges, won’t talk. Most outsiders, law professors and journalists haven’t a clue as to what is actually going on behind closed doors. The average citizen outside of the system has no way of knowing what’s happening behind the scenes in the day to day operation of the Criminal Justice System.

Some insiders won’t talk simply because they have a stake in not exposing the dark underside of the legal profession. Others are afraid of reprisals. The formal rules governing the legal profession discourage lawyers from publicly criticizing their professional brothers and encourage them to promote public confidence in our courts and inside the honor of the profession. Equally important is the informal understanding among insiders that they will criticize only within the club and not in public. The main difference between insiders who know but won’t say and outsiders who will say but don’t know has deprived the public of a realistic assessment of the American Justice System.

Criminal Defense Lawyers of our great nation turn the Bill of Rights from an abstraction to a reality and protect the rights and privileges that keep all of us Americans in a totally free country. There is a constant fight with the Federal Government that lately appears to be the enemy of individual liberty. We need to stop the erosion of our civil rights by a growing number of uncaring judges within the Criminal Justice System. There are still numerous flaws and weaknesses in our system, and all we can do is our best.

It takes many years of study and hardship to master the discipline of practicing law. A great Criminal Defense Lawyer commonly starts off as a naive idealist with an abiding faith in the system, trust in the integrity of judges, the good faith of the prosecutors, and in the dedication of defense attorneys. A brand new lawyer could begin as a Public Defender or an Assistant Prosecutor. Then a Criminal Lawyer. When it comes to criminal law cases, an experienced and effective Criminal Defense Attorney can mean the difference between a prison sentence and reduced or dismissed charges. If you find yourself arrested on criminal charges, attempting to find the appropriate lawyer, quickly, may feel overwhelming. Again, individuals who have been arrested need to speak to a criminal defense lawyer as soon as possible. The most urgent priority is generally obtaining a lawyer to arrange release and supply some facts about what’s to come in the days ahead.

The fact remains that the vast majority of criminal defendants are actually guilty of the crimes with which they are charged. Numbers don’t lie. Even despite the constitutional presumption of innocence. Any criminal lawyer who tells you that the majority of his clients are innocent is pulling your leg. Either that or he’s limiting his practice, and, most likely, his take home pay. Some of those accused, of course, are innocent and have no business being brought up on charges in the first place, and that’s why it’s imperative that they retain an experienced, competent lawyer.

Take the Right First Steps With Your Criminal Defense Lawyer

If you are being charged with a serious crime, getting the services of the right Las Vegas criminal defense lawyer should be the first thing that should be attended to. Serious criminal charges may involve fraud, assault, or any other serious charges. A skilled professional will be able to give you a fair shot at these charges while ensuring that your basic legal rights are not subordinated or compromised. With all the emotions and stress of facing a serious charge, seeking representation should be the first order of the day. You have to make sure that you hire a lawyer with the right attitude and proper frame of mind.

Attorneys have a variety of expertise and specializations and you should be able to hire one who is an expert in the specific criminal charge you are concerned with. There are defense counselors who handle all criminal defense cases with no exception while some focus their attention of specific types of types of crimes. There are some who are comfortable handling violent and sensational cases while some focus on cases involving rape and other violent crimes.

Notwithstanding the fact that there is no prohibition on the area where criminal defense lawyers can practice their profession, it would be a practical and sound option to consider a one who has extensive experience on cases that are similar to the one you are facing. On the other hand, you may also consider a criminal defense lawyer who is willing to put more time and effort in your case while showing special interest and concern to your case. In which case you are assured of an unqualified support and assistance from your lawyer.

Without the proper understanding and frame of mind in selecting your criminal defense lawyer, you may encounter difficulty and uncertainties while contemplating your possible choices. You may be caught in a dilemma of whether to go for an established and highly regarded criminal defense lawyer or a relatively young practitioner who has argued just a few of cases so his credentials and performance record is limited. How will you decide if the former has demonstrated a high degree of dedication and commitment to your case?

Whoever you choose, always remember that you will be better off with a court representative who can make you comfortable while totally entrusting your case defense to him or her. Of course, there are certain requisites that you have to consider while looking for the right couselor. Checking the professional’s affiliation to legal and similar professional associations is important. You should also consider the credentials and background of your attorney as far as performance is concerned. After all is been said and done, getting the best defense for your criminal case will start with a good performance by good counsel. However, his ability to defend your legal rights will just be as good as your willingness to cooperate and share the responsibility in resolving your case.